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In a capital blessed with a wealth of world-famous architecture, this 2,000-year-old temple stands as one of the greatest monuments to the power and ambition of the Roman Empire.
Although originally built in the 1st century B.C. under the auspices of Roman general Marcus Agrippa, the Pantheon we see today was actually laid out in the year 126 by famous Roman emperor Hadrian. Despite this, the inscription across its facade credits its first commissioner, reading “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made this building when consul for the third time.”
Famed for its portico of eight striking granite Corinthian columns, with another eight behind — all supporting a vast triangular pediment — the main temple building is actually a rotunda, topped with what remains the largest non-reinforced concrete dome on earth. The diameter of the rotunda is 142 feet (43 meters) and its height from checkerboard marble floor to lofty dome apex is exactly the same. While the dome above is the feature that gains the most attention, take time to look down at the floor, unchanged since Roman times.
First built as a temple to the Ancient Roman gods (a translation of “pantheon” is “for all gods”), the structure has been used as a Roman Catholic church since the early 7th century. This Christian conversion had an enormous influence on the interior decor of the structure. From the many Renaissance masterpieces now adorning the curved walls of the rotunda to all the noteworthy Christians buried in its tomb (including Italian king Umberto I and famous artist Raphael), the Pantheon beautifully brings together Roman mythology and Christian dogma.
With millions of tourists exploring the far-from-spacious monument every single year, expect lines stretching across Piazza della Rotonda every day. However long it takes, there is no doubt that the Pantheon is worth the wait.
The Pantheon is in central Rome and is open seven days a week. As the streets in the area are too narrow for buses, the best way to get to the Pantheon is by taxi or on foot. Some buses do get fairly close if you are up for a short walk.
This family-friendly Rome hotel is located in the historical district, steps away from Via del Tritone, Via Veneto and Piazza Barberini. Piazza di Spagna and Trevi Fountain are also within 10 minutes. Barberini Station is only a 3-minute walk and Spagna Station is 7 minutes.
Located in Navona, this hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Piazza Venezia, Via del Corso and Roman Forum. National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II and Capitoline Museum are also within 5 minutes. Colosseo Station is 14 minutes by foot and Cavour Station is 15 minutes.
Located in Navona, this guesthouse is within a 5-minute walk of Via del Corso, Pantheon and Trevi Fountain. Piazza Navona and Piazza Venezia are also within 10 minutes. Barberini Station is 11 minutes by foot and Spagna Station is 12 minutes.
Located in Rome City Centre, this guesthouse is steps away from Piazza Venezia and Via del Corso. Via Nazionale and Trevi Fountain are also within 10 minutes. Barberini Station is 13 minutes by foot and Colosseo Station is 14 minutes.
Located in Rome City Centre, this hotel is steps away from Via del Tritone, Via del Corso and Via Condotti. Trevi Fountain and Piazza di Spagna are also within 10 minutes. Spagna Station is 9 minutes by foot and Barberini Station is 10 minutes.
Located in Rome City Centre, this romantic hotel is steps away from Via del Tritone, Via Veneto and Piazza Barberini. Spanish Steps and Piazza di Spagna are also within 10 minutes. Barberini Station is only a 2-minute walk and Spagna Station is 7 minutes.
Located in Navona, this hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Pantheon and Piazza Navona. Trevi Fountain and Piazza di Spagna are also within 15 minutes. Spagna Station is 14 minutes by foot and Barberini Station is 14 minutes.
Located in Navona, this guesthouse is steps away from Corso Vittorio Emanuele II and Piazza Navona. Campo de' Fiori and Pantheon are also within 10 minutes. Spagna Station is 19 minutes by foot and Barberini Station is 21 minutes.